ALL your Zimbabwe News here!!

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on whatsapp
Share on email
Share on pinterest

Click headline of interest and come back for the rest. Share with your world and keep them informed!

The Herald

Zimbabwe has recorded another positive achievement in its Covid-19 vaccination roll-out and has been listed among 13 African countries that have reached the World Health Organisation (WHO) target to fully… [...]

CORDIAL engagement and re-engagement between the United Kingdom and Zimbabwe testify that the Second Republic is quietly working and making good progress in terms of re-engaging the world. [...]

Daniel Nemukuyu-Investigations Editor Zimbabwe is setting up integrity committees at public institutions as an effective tool to prevent corruption and promote good corporate governance at institutional level. Parastatals, State enterprises,… [...]

COLLUSION between officers manning toll gates and corrupt motorists has seen banned kombi and pirate taxi crews sneaking through boom gates without paying, prejudicing the Zimbabwe National Road Administration (Zinara)… [...]

Tendai Rupapa-Senior Reporter FIRST Lady Auxillia Mnangagwa last week treated her husband, President Mnangagwa to an African-themed 79th birthday dinner where mouth-watering traditional dishes were served as she presses ahead… [...]

THERE is truly a first time for everything, but flying and touring the majestic Victoria Falls is a lifetime experience for children from the previously marginalised San community in Makhulela… [...]

THE hospitality industry in Bulawayo is excited about the return of the Zimbabwe International Trade Fair (ZITF), which begins tomorrow, amid positive local business prospects. [...]

ALL is set for the holding of Zanu PF district elections across the country’s 10 provinces following the completion of a hugely successful grassroots restructuring exercise. [...]

ALL Zanu-PF provinces have endorsed President Mnangagwa as the ruling party’s presidential candidate in 2023 elections in a major show of confidence in his leadership following the advent of the… [...]

Zimbabwe faces two major economic constraints, a shortage of capital that can be committed to investment to speed up the growth of the economy and a shortage of foreign currency… [...]

NewsDay

The fights have divided party members, with some coalescing around President Emmerson Mnangagwa while others are allegedly backing his deputy, Constantino Chiwenga. The post Daggers out in Zanu PF restructuring… [...]

The films are Kushata Kwemoyo, Nevanji and Death and Other Complications. The post Zim films dominate Zambian festival appeared first on NewsDay Zimbabwe. [...]

Tourism attachés will be deployed to New Delhi, the Indian capital, Paris in France, New York in the United States of America, London in England, Berlin, Germany, Japan and South… [...]

The climate-induced floods, hailstorms, droughts, heatwaves, hunger and famine, violent cyclones, locusts, among others have destroyed infrastructure, physical features, crops and contributed to loss of lives. The post Climate change… [...]

Matabeleland South District Development Fund (DDF) planning officer Moment Malandu confirmed the development. The post Mangwe piped water project nears completion appeared first on NewsDay Zimbabwe. [...]

Part of the Brics objectives was to improve the global economic situation and reform financial institutions, and how the five countries could better co-operate for their benefit and those of… [...]

Six hundred students from 20 countries received the much-needed assistance which helps tremendously in ensuring that they remain on track to realising their academic goals. The post AU’s $1,3 million… [...]

Makombe said council owed the power utility over $143 million, and had a monthly bill of $13 million which has since doubled due to an increase in tariffs. The post… [...]

Mashonaland Central acting police spokesperson Assistant Inspector Naison Dhliwayo was not picking calls, but Mazowe North legislator Campion Mugweni (Zanu PF) confirmed the accident. The post 3 sisters perish in… [...]

Vincent’s latest victory came barely three weeks after he claimed his breakthrough triumph at the Sansan KBC Augusta on August 29. The post Vincent celebrates second Japan Tour victory appeared… [...]

NewZimbabwe

By Staff Reporter FIREWORKS are expected at a potentially explosive Zanu PF Mashonaland Central provincial executive meeting Monday as the provinces top guns lock horns in a do-or-die pre-election encounter.… [...]

BBC PRESIDENT Vladimir Putin’s United Russia party looks set for another big win in the country’s parliamentary elections, despite a drop in support. The party claimed victory a few hours… [...]

By Sports Reporter ZIMBABWE underlined their status as a dominant force in women’s cricket in Africa outside South Africa after booking their ticket to the ICC Women’s T20 World Cup… [...]

By Staff Reporter THE Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) have jointly launched Centres of Entrepreneurship in Africa, under the theme, ‘Creating Livelihoods for… [...]

By Leopold Munhende ZANU PF is the only political party that managed to respond to concerns raised by the  Gays and Lesbians Association of Zimbabwe (GALZ) in 2018. Ahead of the… [...]

By Staff Reporter UNICEF Zimbabwe is appealing for US$ 65.8 million to meet Zimbabwe’s humanitarian needs for 2021 as a result of the multiple hazards of residual impacts of Cyclone Idai, and… [...]

By Staff Reporter A ZIMBABWEAN man based in Botswana was last week arrested and remanded in custody after his son (14) accidentally shot and killed his sister (6). The incident… [...]

By Bulawayo Correspondent TENDY Three Investments, a local company awarded a US$2 million tender for vehicle parking management in Bulawayo will start collecting parking fees from motorists before the end… [...]

WFP THE Tongogara refugee camp in Chipinge is home to more than 15 000 refugees who have fled war, conflict and unrest across the Great Lakes and Horn of Africa… [...]

By Bulawayo Correspondent ZANU PF Bulawayo province has recommended that all civil servants should compulsorily attend the ruling party’s Herbert Chitepo School of Ideology. According to the province’s resolutions which… [...]

ZimLive

Matongo was weeks into job and was returning from campaigning for ANC [...]

MLCSCZ condemns 'unethical practice on the poor and the marginalised population' [...]

Masakadza picked up two wickets and effected a run out as Scotland lost four wickets in four balls [...]

'NGOs stand to suffer irreparable harm if the interdict is not granted as operations may be stopped' - Justice Esther Muremba [...]

The department of correctional services placed Zuma on medical parole earlier this month after surgery [...]

'A lot of people, when they see the old bank notes, their reaction most of the time (is to) get angry' [...]

'Land is at the core of people's dignity and their rights must be respected' [...]

'This application is a complete sham which cannot be condoned let alone accepted' - Justice Mangota [...]

Campion Marowa hit with new charges of stealing diesel from a bus company and discharging firearm [...]

The Chronicle

The Constitutional Court will on Monday hand down judgment on whether the decision of the Electoral Commission of SA (IEC) to reopen the candidate nomination process for the 2021 local… [...]

The United States has announced a new sanctions regime related to the continuing conflict in Ethiopia’s Tigray region, threatening to punish those who prolong the fighting and the resulting humanitarian… [...]

Mashudu Netsianda, Senior Reporter GOVERNMENT has taken a bold step to correct a one-sided narrative of the famous Battle of Pupu, which for many years deliberately overlooked the African perspective.… [...]

Sukulwenkosi Dube-Matutu and Leonard Ncube\, Chronicle Reporters GOVERNMENT has started distributing farming inputs to Matabeleland provinces under the Intwasa/Pfumvudza programme before the onset of the rains expected to start next… [...]

Thupeyo Muleya, Beitbridge Bureau COMMERCIAL truck drivers from across the Sadc region have expressed excitement over the ongoing upgrade at the Beitbridge Border Post, which is being implemented by Government… [...]

Mashudu Netsianda, Senior Reporter SHE has been mesmerised by Zimbabwe’s beautiful sunsets, enchanted by the majestic Victoria Falls, the world’s biggest curtain of falling water, which is also one of… [...]

GOVERNMENT has announced that public examinations will start at the end of November for Grade Seven candidates while Ordinary and Advanced Level examinations will start mid-December and extend to next… [...]

Yvonne Ncube, Showbiz Reporter WHILE many have failed to understand the language of love which has since gained the name “umjolo the pandemic”, Bulawayo artiste Emmanuel Nxongo (23) believes he’s… [...]

Thandeka Moyo-Ndlovu, Senior Health Reporter ZIMBABWE is leading African countries in rolling out Covid-19 vaccines with reports that 13 percent of its population has been inoculated against the deadly virus… [...]

Business Reporter THE hospitality industry in Bulawayo is excited about the return of the Zimbabwe International Trade Fair (ZITF), which begins tomorrow, amid positive local business prospects. Major city hotels… [...]

The Sunday Mail

The fights have divided party members, with some coalescing around President Emmerson Mnangagwa while others are allegedly backing his deputy, Constantino Chiwenga. The post Daggers out in Zanu PF restructuring… [...]

The films are Kushata Kwemoyo, Nevanji and Death and Other Complications. The post Zim films dominate Zambian festival appeared first on NewsDay Zimbabwe. [...]

Tourism attachés will be deployed to New Delhi, the Indian capital, Paris in France, New York in the United States of America, London in England, Berlin, Germany, Japan and South… [...]

The climate-induced floods, hailstorms, droughts, heatwaves, hunger and famine, violent cyclones, locusts, among others have destroyed infrastructure, physical features, crops and contributed to loss of lives. The post Climate change… [...]

Matabeleland South District Development Fund (DDF) planning officer Moment Malandu confirmed the development. The post Mangwe piped water project nears completion appeared first on NewsDay Zimbabwe. [...]

Part of the Brics objectives was to improve the global economic situation and reform financial institutions, and how the five countries could better co-operate for their benefit and those of… [...]

Six hundred students from 20 countries received the much-needed assistance which helps tremendously in ensuring that they remain on track to realising their academic goals. The post AU’s $1,3 million… [...]

Makombe said council owed the power utility over $143 million, and had a monthly bill of $13 million which has since doubled due to an increase in tariffs. The post… [...]

Mashonaland Central acting police spokesperson Assistant Inspector Naison Dhliwayo was not picking calls, but Mazowe North legislator Campion Mugweni (Zanu PF) confirmed the accident. The post 3 sisters perish in… [...]

Vincent’s latest victory came barely three weeks after he claimed his breakthrough triumph at the Sansan KBC Augusta on August 29. The post Vincent celebrates second Japan Tour victory appeared… [...]

Financial Gazette

About 3,000 health workers in France have been suspended because they have not been vaccinated against Covid-19. A new rule, which came into force on Wednesday, made vaccination mandatory for… [...]

Len Ikitau and Marika Koroibete scored two tries apiece as Australia secured a second successive victory over world champions South Africa in the Rugby Championship in Brisbane. Ikitau touched down… [...]

Philippine boxing star Manny Pacquiao says he is to run for president in next year’s election. He was nominated as a candidate by a faction of the ruling party, PDP-Laban.… [...]

Liverpool remain unbeaten in the Premier League this season after Sadio Mane scored his 100th goal for the club in a victory against Crystal Palace. Jurgen Klopp’s side created numerous… [...]

JOHANNESBURG – Newly elected Johannesburg Mayor Jolidee Matongo was killed in a car crash on Saturday evening as he was returning from a voter registration event in Soweto where he… [...]

An organisational structure is a configuration of reporting lines with the various functions within an organisation. It is an embodiment of power and authority vested in various roles. While the… [...]

COVID-19 cases are down in Zimbabwe, and the re-start button has been pressed. For now, the wily and efficient Delta variant is being held at bay, and we can return… [...]

Haas Formula 1 driver Mick Schumacher says his father Michael is the best ever driver in the sport, no matter what Lewis Hamilton achieves. Hamilton claimed his seventh F1 title last year,… [...]

Price rises have seen the biggest jump since records began in 1997 as the economy continued to reopen. Official figures show that the increase in the cost of living, as… [...]

TikTok has announced a set of features to help users struggling with mental health issues and thoughts of suicide. The features include guides on wellbeing and support for people who… [...]

Daily News

FC PLATINUM defeat to Angolan champions GD Sagrada Esperanca in the preliminary round of the Caf Champions League has once again lifted... To access this post, you must purchase a… [...]

BINDURA Nickel Corporation (BNC) has realised an annual turnover of US$59,2 million for the year to March 31 from US$52,4 million prior... To access this post, you must purchase a… [...]

A HARARE woman Rudo Nyamukomba has dragged her husband’s business partner Rosemary Mukai Gutu to the High Court, accusing her of being involved... To access this post, you must purchase a… [...]

PRESIDENT Emmerson Mnangagwa has now responded to the request for dialogue by opposition leader Douglas Mwonzora — raising fresh hopes that the... To access this post, you must purchase a… [...]

Blessings Mashaya and Melisa Chatikobo   AFTER enjoying a year of relative economic stability, Zimbabweans are beginning to experience marked increases in the... To access this post, you must purchase a… [...]

THE High Court has dismissed an application for bail pending trial that had been filed by a Marondera police officer, Berlin Dombodzvuku,... To access this post, you must purchase a… [...]

THE MAJORITY of Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Bulawayo won’t exhibit at the Zimbabwe International Trade Fair (ZITF) which kicks off... To access this post, you must purchase a… [...]

THE case in which a prominent Harare lawyer Admire Rubaya, a magistrate and several detectives are facing charges of obstructing justice, has... To access this post, you must purchase a… [...]

THE International Organisation for Migration (IOM) has identified Zimbabwe as a source, transit country and destination for victims of trafficking. IOM spokesperson,... To access this post, you must purchase a… [...]

THE High Court has dismissed a lawsuit filed by the Parliament of Zimbabwe in which it was demanding that a car dealership... To access this post, you must purchase a… [...]

Kwayedza

Danisa Masuku MURUME wekuUmguza, kudunhu reMatabeleland North anonzi akatema ambuya vake nedemo pachidya uye ndokuzojajadawo mudzimai nemwana mushure mekunge anetsana nemukadzi wake. Apo Beatrice Ncube wekuHeany Junction akange ave kurara… [...]

Tandayi Motsi BAZI redzidzo yepuraimari nesekondari rinoti riri kutora matanho akasimba akananga kuona kuti vadzidzi vari kunyora bvunzo dzeZimbabwe School Examinations Council (Zimsec) vadzoreredza nguva yavakarasikirwa nayo paive pakavharwa zvikoro… [...]

Danisa Masuku MUDZIMAI ane makore 42 okuberekwa wekuBulawayo, anove vahosi, akadhonzera murume wake kudare redzimhosva achida gwaro redziviriro apo aiti anomunyima bonde, kumurova nekumutukirira nguva nenguva. Rutendo Mtungwazi (42) ari… [...]

Muchaneta Chimuka SANGANO reActionAid Zimbabwe (AAZ), rakabatana neIssues-Pane Nyaya, vari kuita mabasa makukutu ekutsigira Hurumende mukuona kuti veruzhinji vawana mabasa akati tsvetere, zvikuru sei mukusimudzira vanhukadzi senzira yekuti pave nekuenzaniswa… [...]

Lovemore Kadzura ari kwaRUSAPE PAMBA pemudzimai wekwaRusape pari kuramba pachiitika mashiripiti zvichitevera kumuka kwaakaita mangwanani eMuvhuro svondo rino achiona kamba mhenyu yakapfekedzwa machira emucheka weretso pamwe chete nedehwe retsuro mubindu… [...]

Danisa Masuku MURUME wekupurazi reCorn Cob Farm kuUmguza, kuMatabeleland North akapona neburi retsono mushure mekutemwa nedemo mumusoro nemumwe murume aimupomera kumutorera shamwarikadzi yake. Svondo rapera, Ozias Nyoni (40) anonzi akaona… [...]

Abel Ndooka SHASHA yakambonetsa munhabvu – Moses “Bambo” Chunga –  ari kukurudzira vatambi kuti vasatore zvinodhaka pamwe nekuzvininipisa kana vachida kusvika kure mumutambo uyu uye kuti vagopihwa ruremekedzo serwaakapihwa neSakunda… [...]

Muchaneta Chimuka SANGANO reCommunity Water Alliance (CWA) – rakabatana nereUNDP, Oxfam, neEMA, Spar, kanzuru yeHarare uye mapurisa eZimbabwe Republic Police (ZRP) – vari kuita zvirongwa zvekusimudzira nyaya dzehutsanana munzvimbo dzemuHarare… [...]

Muchaneta Chimuka BAZI redzidzo yepuraimari nesekondari riri kusimbaradza matanho ekurwisa chirwere cheCovid-19 muzvikoro zvichitevera nyaya dze264 vana, varairidzi nevamwe vashandi vemuzvikoro vakabatwa nedenda iri kubvira pavhurwa zvikoro nguva pfupi yadarika.… [...]

Muchaneta Chimuka MUMIRIRI wesangano reUnited Nations muZimbabwe, Mai Maria Ribeiro vanoti chirwere cheCovid-19 chiri kukanganisa nyaya dzerunyararo munharaunda dzakasiyana kuburikidza nekuvepo kwemhirozhonga yemudzimba, rusarura nezvimwe. Vachitaura kunhengo dzedare reParamende dzekomiti… [...]

umthunywa

Thokozile Mbedzi KULENDODA emangalise umphakathi esigabeni seGwenhamo koChivi eMasvingo ngemva kokutholakala ilime imbanje esivandeni sayo ngoLwesithathu kuyonale iviki. Kubikwa uJohn Mahuka oleminyaka yokuzalwa engu-35 utholakale esivandeni sakhe kugcwele izihlahla zembanje,… [...]

Yintatheli kaMthunywa ABANXUSIWEYO basele bebambe owangaphansi ngemva kokuba kuthutshe inyosi emtshadweni zaphazamisa inhlelo okubangele ukuthi umtshado umiswe okwesikhatshana. Lokhu kwenzakale kwenye i-lodge ekoBulawayo ngempelaviki. Luphose lwaphazamiseka usuku luka Qakathekile Ndlovu… [...]

YiNtatheli kaMthunywa ISALUKAZI esihlala eMbare National, edolobheni leHarare sithi sesithwele nzima ngabathakathi abangena emzini waso ebusuku sikhangele kodwa sithi singavele silale endlini yaso siphaphama sesilele phandle egcekeni ndawonye labazukulu baso.… [...]

UMQEQETSHI weqembu leFC Platinum uNorman Mapeza usekhethwe ukuba ngumqeqetshi omutsha weqembu lesizwe lama, Warriors. UManeja kaMapeza uGibson Mahachi uthe uMapeza owake waba ngukaputeni wamaWarriors usenikwe isikhundla sokuba ngumqeqetshi wama-warriors okwenyanga… [...]

UBUKHOKHELI obulengqubekela phambili  bukaMongameli Mnangagwa buyezwakala esabelweni seMatabeleland lapho umbuso wakhe osulethe impumelelo  ngokuphatheka kuzinhlelo ezitshiyeneyo eziphakamisa impilo yoluntu. Kumgceke ukuba uMongameli uzimisele ukubona ilizwe liguquka kwezomkhonomi yiloba nje izijeziso… [...]

YiNtatheli kaMthunywa IKHANSILI ye-Hwange Local Board (HLB) isiqalile ukusebenzisa imali ephuma kuhlelo lwe-devolution ngokwakha ikilinika, lesikolo, okuyikhona okuveza ukuthi loluhlelo lusekela ingqubekela phambili. I-Hwange Local Board ibika ngokujabula ukuba isisebenzisa… [...]

YiNtatheli kaMthunywa NGOMNYAKA ka-2019, umsekeli kaMgcinisihlalo weHighlanders uModern “Voltage” Ngwenya watshela iphephandaba likazulu ukuba uzenza izimanga. Ngaleso isikhathi, kwakungacaci ukuthi uNgwenya uthini, nanko phela wonke umuntu othola isikhundla esinje uvame… [...]

 Thokozile Mbedzi KULENDODA yesigabeni esingaphansi kwenduna uNjelele eGokwe ebhaxabulwe ngamasela amathathu ngeSonto yasitshontshelwa imali yenkomo ebisanda kuzithengisa. UMnumzana Samuel Samu (41) ohlala esigabeni seRingo kubikwa uhlaselwe ngamadoda amathathu emzini wakhe… [...]

UMongameli welizwe Khomuredi Emmerson Mnangagwa uzavula ngokusemthethweni umbukiso weZimbabwe International Trade Fair (ZITF) walonyaka ozakubakhona ngeviki ezayo. Umbukiso walonyaka uzenziwa kulandelwa imilayo yeCovid-19 kusukela ngoLwesibili uze uyophela ngoLwesihlanu mhlaka 21… [...]

UKUKHULUMISANA emakhaya yisikhali esingakha kumbe sibhidlize umuzi. Ekukhulumisaneni kuyadingeka ukuba kube lozehlisayo, lolalelayo hatshi ukuthi abadinga ukuzwanana bakhulume sikhathi sinye ngoba lokhu kwenza bacine bengasazwanani. Omunye acine ebona angathi lo… [...]

H-Metro

. . .  I do crochet, beads handbags Praise Masvosva, Entertainment Reporter ZIMDANCEHALL chanter Ninja Lipsy, real name Tendazvaitwa Chitimbe, says she misses performing live to her fans. Lipsy who… [...]

Trust Khosa, Assistant News Editor TWENTY-YEAR-OLD Music Crossroads Zimbabwe graduate, Trevor Nhapi, says he will ‘touch the sky’ if he meets his role model, Ashton “Mbeu” Nyahora. The multitalented instrumentalist… [...]

. . . diva miss Zim weather Trust Khosa UK based traditional music exponent, Portia Gwanzura, says Progress Chipfumo and the late Simbarashe Mudzingwa will remain some of her brightest… [...]

Mathew Masinge, Court Reporter Mashonaland West police armoury officer-in-charge inspector Crive Kadambure, charged with illegally acquiring and selling firearms to armed robbers and poachers, has been denied bail. Kadambure had… [...]

Paul Pindani in Chinhoyi A man who stole a motorbike in Banket will spend the next year behind bars. Ali Nikazi, 25, of Kuwadzana suburb in Banket appeared before Chinhoyi… [...]

Takawira Photovet Dapi Day scholars have been stopped from coming to school after 20 students tested Covid-19 positive at Chemhanza Mission High School in Hwedza. The revelations came after students… [...]

Bruce Chikuni, Entertainment Reporter Upcoming rapper Emmanuel “Sleek Harris” Ngoma has expressed his dismay over suicidal thoughts amongst the young generation. The rising singer says this ahead of the launch… [...]

Entertainment Reporter Popular club wheel-spinner DJ Torne says it is important for the corporate world to play a major role in supporting the arts sector in the country. Born Tawanda… [...]

. . .  ‘I’ve always been multitasking’ Trust Khosa ALLAN Chimbetu says he once lost a fortune in a gold buying scheme to unnamed barons 24 years ago. Although he… [...]

Nyasha Kada, Entertainment Reporter Award winning wheelspinner and music producer, DJ Stavo-real name Steven Sanders- has released the lead track off his debut Extended Play (EP). Titled Piano Move, the… [...]

B-Metro

Fungai Muderere LADY Chevrons have booked their final berth in the International Cricket Council Women’s Twenty20 World Cup Africa Qualifier after beating Uganda by 14 runs at the Botswana Cricket… [...]

Fungai Muderere FOOTBALL Union of Zimbabwe (FUZ) president Desmond Maringwa has been elected into the FiFPro Africa Board at the ongoing FIFPro Division Africa congress in Johannesburg, South Africa. At… [...]

Fungai Muderere FORMER Dynamos, Ngezi Platinum and Harare City attacking midfielder Walter Mukanga has joined Botswana top-flight side Masitaoka on a two-year contract. Mukanga’s manager Trust Panashe Nyambiya said: “I… [...]

Gibson Mhaka IN a real-life drama whose script reads like folklore plucked from Gothic literature, nurses at Tsholotsho District Hospital in Matabeleland North province are being terrorised by suspected goblins… [...]

Hazel Marimbiza No ways! Nomsa Gonouya, a defiant ex-girlfriend, vowed in court that she will not rest until she gets her married ex-lover back. But her ex-lover wants nothing to… [...]

Langalakhe Mabena Tried and tested, the Second Republic led by President Emmerson Dambudzo (ED) Mnangagwa has proved to be a Government which has a soft spot for the entertainment and… [...]

Gibson Mhaka WHILE there is a clarion call to refurbish and transform liberation icon and founder of the Zimbabwe People’s Revolutionary Army (ZPRA) Cde Jason Ziyaphapha Moyo’s house in Bulawayo’s… [...]

Langalakhe Mabena AFTER the cold and the dark of the winter season, signs of a new life begin to emerge as the spring season, a glamorous time in nature, is… [...]

Fungai Muderere A CAREER spanning 17 years has come to an end for former Zimbabwe Chevrons skipper Brendan Taylor. Taylor, the Zimbabwe wicketkeeper-batsman, announced his retirement from international cricket early… [...]

The wobbly Warriors World Cup qualifiers campaign has already got many fans worried about our chances of qualifying for the global showcase, with our chances getting slimmer each day as… [...]

4 thoughts on “News”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *